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Audience: Self Learners - Experts
Last Updated: 6/6/2011 1:53:18 PM
**All times are EST**






Cisco IOS Cheat Sheet

By Erik Rodriguez

These commands are used on all Cisco devices running the Cisco IOS. If you are unfamiliar with Cisco devices please see: Routers, Using the Cisco IOS.



 

ROUTER COMMANDS


TERMINAL CONTROLS:

·  Config# terminal editing - allows for enhanced editing commands

·  Config# terminal monitor - shows output on telnet session

·  Config# terminal ip netmask-format hexadecimal|bit-count|decimal - changes the format of subnet masks

HOST NAME:

·  Config# hostname ROUTER_NAME

BANNER:

·  Config# banner motd # TYPE MESSAGE HERE # - # can be substituted for any character, must start and finish the message

DESCRIPTIONS:

·  Config# description THIS IS THE SOUTH ROUTER - can be entered at the Config-if level

CLOCK:

·  Config# clock timezone Central -6
# clock set hh:mm:ss dd month yyyy
- Example: clock set 14:35:00 25 August 2003

CHANGING THE REGISTER:

·  Config# config-register 0x2100 - ROM Monitor Mode

·  Config# config-register 0x2101 - ROM boot

·  Config# config-register 0x2102 - Boot from NVRAM

BOOT SYSTEM:

·  Config# boot system tftp FILENAME SERVER_IP - Example: boot system tftp 2600_ios.bin 192.168.14.2

·  Config# boot system ROM

·  Config# boot system flash - Then - Config# reload

CDP:

·  Config# cdp run - Turns CDP on

·  Config# cdp holdtime 180 - Sets the time that a device remains. Default is 180

·  Config# cdp timer 30 - Sets the update timer.The default is 60

·  Config# int Ethernet 0

·  Config-if# cdp enable - Enables cdp on the interface

·  Config-if# no cdp enable - Disables CDP on the interface

·  Config# no cdp run - Turns CDP off

HOST TABLE:

·  Config# ip host ROUTER_NAME INT_Address - Example: ip host lab-a 192.168.5.1
-or-

·  Config# ip host RTR_NAME INT_ADD1 INT_ADD2 INT_ADD3 - Example: ip host lab-a 192.168.5.1 205.23.4.2 199.2.3.2 - (for e0, s0, s1)

DOMAIN NAME SERVICES:

·  Config# ip domain-lookup - Tell router to lookup domain names

·  Config# ip name-server 122.22.2.2 - Location of DNS server

·  Config# ip domain-name cisco.com - Domain to append to end of names

CLEARING COUNTERS:

·  # clear interface Ethernet 0 - Clears counters on the specified interface

·  # clear counters - Clears all interface counters

·  # clear cdp counters - Clears CDP counters
STATIC ROUTES:

·  Config# ip route Net_Add SN_Mask Next_Hop_Add - Example: ip route 192.168.15.0 255.255.255.0 205.5.5.2

·  Config# ip route 0.0.0.0 0.0.0.0 Next_Hop_Add - Default route
-or-

·  Config# ip default-network Net_Add - Gateway LAN network

IP ROUTING:

·  Config# ip routing - Enabled by default

·  Config# router rip
-or-

·  Config# router igrp 100

·  Config# interface Ethernet 0

·  Config-if# ip address 122.2.3.2 255.255.255.0

·  Config-if# no shutdown

IPX ROUTING:

·  Config# ipx routing

·  Config# interface Ethernet 0

·  Config# ipx maximum-paths 2 - Maximum equal metric paths used

·  Config-if# ipx network 222 encapsulation sap - Also Novell-Ether, SNAP, ARPA on Ethernet. Encapsulation HDLC on serial

·  Config-if# no shutdown
ACCESS LISTS:

IP Standard

1-99

IP Extended

100-199

IPX Standard

800-899

IPX Extended

900-999

IPX SAP Filters

1000-1099


IP STANDARD:

·  Config# access-list 10 permit 133.2.2.0 0.0.0.255 - allow all src ip’s on network 133.2.2.0
-or-

·  Config# access-list 10 permit host 133.2.2.2 - specifies a specific host
-or-

·  Config# access-list 10 permit any - allows any address

·  Config# int Ethernet 0

·  Config-if# ip access-group 10 in - also available: out

IP EXTENDED:

·  Config# access-list 101 permit tcp 133.12.0.0 0.0.255.255 122.3.2.0 0.0.0.255 eq telnet
    -protocols: tcp, udp, icmp, ip (no sockets then), among others
    -source then destination address
    -eq, gt, lt for comparison
    -sockets can be numeric or name (23 or telnet, 21 or ftp, etc)
-or-

·  Config# access-list 101 deny tcp any host 133.2.23.3 eq www
-or-

·  Config# access-list 101 permit ip any any

·  Config# interface Ethernet 0

·  Config-if# ip access-group 101 out

IPX STANDARD:

·  Config# access-list 801 permit 233 AA3 - source network/host then destination network/host
-or-

·  Config# access-list 801 permit -1 -1 - “-1” is the same as “any” with network/host addresses

·  Config# interface Ethernet 0

·  Config-if# ipx access-group 801 out

IPX EXTENDED:

·  Config# access-list 901 permit sap 4AA all 4BB all
    - Permit protocol src_add socket dest_add socket
    -“all” includes all sockets, or can use socket numbers
-or-

·  Config# access-list 901 permit any any all any all
    -Permits any protocol with any address on any socket to go anywhere

·  Config# interface Ethernet 0

·  Config-if# ipx access-group 901 in

IPX SAP FILTER:

·  Config# access-list 1000 permit 4aa 3 - “3” is the service type
-or-

·  Config# access-list 1000 permit 4aa 0 - service type of “0” matches all services

·  Config# interface Ethernet 0

·  Config-if# ipx input-sap-filter 1000 - filter applied to incoming packets
-or-

·  Config-if# ipx output-sap-filter 1000 - filter applied to outgoing packets

NAMED ACCESS LISTS:

·  Config# ip access-list standard LISTNAME
    -can be ip or ipx, standard or extended
    -followed by the permit or deny list

·  Config# permit any

·  Config-if# ip access-group LISTNAME in
    -use the list name instead of a list number
    -allows for a larger amount of access-lists

PPP SETUP:

·  Config-if# encapsulation ppp

·  Config-if# ppp authentication chap pap
    -order in which they will be used
    -only attempted with the authentification listed
    -if one fails, then connection is terminated

·  Config-if# exit

·  Config# username Lab-b password 123456
    -username is the router that will be connecting to this one
    -only specified routers can connect
-or-

·  Config-if# ppp chap hostname ROUTER

·  Config-if# ppp chap password 123456
    -if this is set on all routers, then any of them can connect to any other
    -set same on all for easy configuration

ISDN SETUP:

·  Config# isdn switch-type basic-5ess - determined by telecom

·  Config# interface serial 0

·  Config-if# isdn spid1 2705554564 - isdn “phonenumber” of line 1

·  Config-if# isdn spid2 2705554565 - isdn “phonenumber” of line 2

·  Config-if# encapsulation PPP - or HDLC, LAPD

DDR - 4 Steps to setting up ISDN with DDR

  1. Configure switch type
    Config# isdn switch-type basic-5ess - can be done at interface config
  2. Configure static routes
    Config# ip route 123.4.35.0 255.255.255.0 192.3.5.5 - sends traffic destined for 123.4.35.0 to 192.3.5.5
    Config# ip route 192.3.5.5 255.255.255.255 bri0 - specifies how to get to network 192.3.5.5 (through bri0)
  3. Configure Interface
    Config-if# ip address 192.3.5.5 255.255.255.0
    Config-if# no shutdown
    Config-if# encapsulation ppp
    Config-if# dialer-group 1 - applies dialer-list to this interface
    Config-if# dialer map ip 192.3.5.6 name Lab-b 5551212
        connect to lab-b at 5551212 with ip 192.3.5.6 if there is interesting traffic
        can also use “dialer string 5551212” instead if there is only one router to connect to
  4. Specify interesting traffic
    Config# dialer-list 1 ip permit any
    -or-
    Config# dialer-list 1 ip list 101 - use the access-list 101 as the dialer list
  5. Other Options
    Config-if# hold-queue 75 - queue 75 packets before dialing
    Config-if# dialer load-threshold 125 either
        -load needed before second line is brought up
        -“125” is any number 1-255, where % load is x/255 (ie 125/255 is about 50%)
        -can check by in, out, or either
    Config-if# dialer idle-timeout 180
        -determines how long to stay idle before terminating the session
        -default is 120

FRAME RELAY SETUP:

·  Config# interface serial 0

·  Config-if# encapsulation frame-relay - cisco by default, can change to ietf

·  Config-if# frame-relay lmi-type cisco - cisco by default, also ansi, q933a

·  Config-if# bandwidth 56

·  Config-if# interface serial 0.100 point-to-point - subinterface

·  Config-if# ip address 122.1.1.1 255.255.255.0

·  Config-if# frame-relay interface-dlci 100
    -maps the dlci to the interface
    -can add BROADCAST and/or IETF at the end

·  Config-if# interface serial 1.100 multipoint

·  Config-if# no inverse-arp - turns IARP off; good to do

·  Config-if# frame-relay map ip 122.1.1.2 48 ietf broadcast
    -maps an IP to a dlci (48 in this case)
    -required if IARP is turned off
    -ietf and broadcast are optional

·  Config-if# frame-relay map ip 122.1.1.3 54 broadcast

SHOW COMMANDS

 

·  Show access-lists - all access lists on the router

·  Show cdp - cdp timer and holdtime frequency

·  Show cdp entry * - same as next

·  Show cdp neighbors detail - details of neighbor with ip add and ios version

·  Show cdp neighbors - id, local interface, holdtime, capability, platform portid

·  Show cdp interface - int’s running cdp and their encapsulation

·  Show cdp traffic - cdp packets sent and received

·  Show controllers serial 0 - DTE or DCE status

·  Show dialer - number of times dialer string has been reached, other stats

·  Show flash - files in flash

·  Show frame-relay lmi - lmi stats

·  Show frame-relay map - static and dynamic maps for PVC’s

·  Show frame-relay pvc - pvc’s and dlci’s

·  Show history - commands entered

·  Show hosts - contents of host table

·  Show int f0/26 - stats of f0/26

·  Show interface Ethernet 0 - show stats of Ethernet 0

·  Show ip - ip config of switch

·  Show ip access-lists - ip access-lists on switch

·  Show ip interface - ip config of interface

·  Show ip protocols - routing protocols and timers

·  Show ip route - Displays IP routing table

·  Show ipx access-lists - same, only ipx

·  Show ipx interfaces - RIP and SAP info being sent and received, IPX addresses

·  Show ipx route - ipx routes in the table

·  Show ipx servers - SAP table

·  Show ipx traffic - RIP and SAP info

·  Show isdn active - number with active status

·  Show isdn status - shows if SPIDs are valid, if connected

·  Show mac-address-table - contents of the dynamic table

·  Show protocols - routed protocols and net_addresses of interfaces

·  Show running-config - dram config file

·  Show sessions - connections via telnet to remote device

·  Show startup-config - nvram config file

·  Show terminal - shows history size

·  Show trunk a/b - trunk stat of port 26/27

·  Show version - ios info, uptime, address of switch

·  Show vlan - all configured vlan’s

·  Show vlan-membership - vlan assignments

·  Show vtp - vtp configs

CATALYST COMMANDS
For Native IOS - Not CatOS


SWITCH ADDRESS:

·  Config# ip address 192.168.10.2 255.255.255.0

·  Config# ip default-gateway 192.168.10.1

DUPLEX MODE:

·  Config# interface Ethernet 0/5 - “fastethernet” for 100 Mbps ports

·  Config-if# duplex full - also, half | auto | full-flow-control

SWITCHING MODE:

·  Config# switching-mode store-and-forward - also, fragment-free

MAC ADDRESS CONFIGS:

·  Config# mac-address-table permanent aaab.000f.ffef e0/2 - only this mac will work on this port

·  Config# mac-address-table restricted static aaab.000f.ffef e0/2 e0/3
    -port 3 can only send data out port 2 with that mac
    -very restrictive security

·  Config-if# port secure max-mac-count 5 - allows only 5 mac addresses mapped to this port

VLANS:

·  Config# vlan 10 name FINANCE

·  Config# interface Ethernet 0/3

·  Config-if# vlan-membership static 10

TRUNK LINKS:

·  Config-if# trunk on - also, off | auto | desirable | nonegotiate

·  Config-if# no trunk-vlan 2
    -removes vlan 2 from the trunk port
    -by default, all vlans are set on a trunk port

CONFIGURING VTP:

·  Config# delete vtp - should be done prior to adding to a network

·  Config# vtp server - the default is server, also client and transparent

·  Config# vtp domain Camp - name doesn’t matter, just so all switches use the same

·  Config# vtp password 1234 - limited security

·  Config# vtp pruning enable - limits vtp broadcasts to only switches affected

·  Config# vtp pruning disable

FLASH UPGRADE:

·  Config# copy tftp://192.5.5.5/configname.ios opcode - “opcode” for ios upgrade, “nvram” for startup config

DELETE STARTUP CONFIG:

·  Config# delete nvram



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